Also known as
Mutual Exclusion Lock Binary Semaphore
Create a lock which only allows a single thread to access a resource at any one instant.
Use a Mutex when
- you need to prevent two threads accessing a critical section at the same time
- concurrent access to a resource could lead to a race condition
- [Lock (computer science)] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lock_(computer_science))
- [Semaphores] (http://tutorials.jenkov.com/java-concurrency/semaphores.html)