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Aggregator Microservices

ArchitecturalAPI designCloud distributedDecouplingMicroservicesAbout 2 min


Streamline client's interactions with system's microservices by providing a single aggregation point that consolidates data and responses from multiple services. This simplifies the client's communication with the system, improving efficiency and reducing complexity.


Real world example

Our web marketplace needs information about products and their current inventory. It makes a call to an aggregator service, which, in turn, calls the product information and product inventory microservices, returning the combined information.

In plain words

Aggregator Microservice collects pieces of data from various microservices and returns an aggregate for processing.

Stack Overflow says

Aggregator Microservice invokes multiple services to achieve the functionality required by the application.

Programmatic Example

Let's start from the data model. Here's our Product.

public class Product {
    private String title;
    private int productInventories;
    // Getters and setters omitted for brevity ->

Next we can introduce our Aggregator microservice. It contains clients ProductInformationClient and ProductInventoryClient for calling respective microservices.

public class Aggregator {

    private ProductInformationClient informationClient;

    private ProductInventoryClient inventoryClient;

    @RequestMapping(path = "/product", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public Product getProduct() {

        var product = new Product();
        var productTitle = informationClient.getProductTitle();
        var productInventory = inventoryClient.getProductInventories();

        //Fallback to error message
        product.setTitle(requireNonNullElse(productTitle, "Error: Fetching Product Title Failed"));

        //Fallback to default error inventory
        product.setProductInventories(requireNonNullElse(productInventory, -1));

        return product;

Here's the essence of information microservice implementation. Inventory microservice is similar, it just returns inventory counts.

public class InformationController {
    @RequestMapping(value = "/information", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String getProductTitle() {
        return "The Product Title.";

Now calling our Aggregator REST API returns the product information.

curl http://localhost:50004/product
{"title":"The Product Title.","productInventories":5}

Class diagram

Class diagram of the Aggregator Microservices Pattern
Aggregator Microservice


The Aggregator Microservices Design Pattern is particularly useful in scenarios where a client requires a composite response that is assembled from data provided by multiple microservices. Common use cases include e-commerce applications where product details, inventory, and reviews might be provided by separate services, or in dashboard applications where aggregated data from various services is displayed in a unified view.



  • Simplified Client: Clients interact with just one service rather than managing calls to multiple microservices, which simplifies client-side logic.
  • Reduced Latency: By aggregating responses, the number of network calls is reduced, which can improve the application's overall latency.
  • Decoupling: Clients are decoupled from the individual microservices, allowing for more flexibility in changing the microservices landscape without impacting clients.
  • Centralized Logic: Aggregation allows for centralized transformation and logic application on the data collected from various services, which can be more efficient than handling it in the client or spreading it across multiple services.


  • Single Point of Failure: The aggregator service can become a bottleneck or a single point of failure if not designed with high availability and scalability in mind.
  • Complexity: Implementing an aggregator can introduce complexity, especially in terms of data aggregation logic and error handling when dealing with multiple services.
  • API Gatewayopen in new window: The Aggregator Microservices pattern is often used in conjunction with an API Gateway, which provides a single entry point for clients to access multiple microservices.
  • Compositeopen in new window: The Aggregator Microservices pattern can be seen as a form of the Composite pattern, where the composite is the aggregated response from multiple microservices.
  • Facadeopen in new window: The Aggregator Microservices pattern can be seen as a form of the Facade pattern, where the facade is the aggregator service that provides a simplified interface to the client.